Asset Recognition

Asset Recognition is the process of recording assets and their values in an asset register.


Sections 57-60 of AASB 13 discuss "Fair Value at Initial Recognition".

57. When an asset is acquired or a liability is assumed in an exchange transaction for that asset or liability, the transaction price is the price paid to acquire the asset or received to assume the liability (an entry price). In contrast, the fair value of the asset or liability is the price that would be received to sell the asset or paid to transfer the liability (an exit price). Entities do not necessarily sell assets at the prices paid to acquire them. Similarly, entities do not necessarily transfer liabilities at the prices received to assume them.
58. In many cases the transaction price will equal the fair value (eg that might be the case when on the transaction date the transaction to buy an asset takes place in the market in which the asset would be sold).
59. When determining whether fair value at initial recognition equals the transaction price, an entity shall take into account factors specific to the transaction and to the asset or liability. Paragraph B4 describes situations in which the transaction price might not represent the fair value of an asset or a liability at initial recognition.
60. If another Standard requires or permits an entity to measure an asset or a liability initially at fair value and the transaction price differs from fair value, the entity shall recognise the resulting gain or loss in profit or loss unless that Standard specifies otherwise.


Section 1.2 of the Fair Value Asset Valuation Methodologies for Victorian Local Governments states that "all new assets are measured initially at their cost of acquisition. Where an asset is acquired at no cost, the cost of acquisition is deemed to be the asset’s fair value."

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External Links & References

  1. Google Search
  2. Fair Value Asset Valuation Methodologies for Victorian Local Governments - Department of Sustainability and Environment (December 2005)
  3. AASB 13
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