Glossary

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California Bearing Ratio - The California Bearing Ratio (CBR) is a penetration test for evaluation of the mechanical strength of road subgrades and basecourses. It was developed by the California Department of Transportation.

Canal - A canal is an artificial waterway.

Capital Expenditure - Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) is expenditure that creates an asset or that increases an existing asset's remaining useful life (RUL).

Capital Upgrade - A Capital Upgrade is any project (including a land purchase) that extends or upgrades and asset to cater for growth or additional service levels.

Capital Works - Capital works are any works that create new infrastructure assets or increase the replacement or written down value of existing infrastructure assets.

Capital Works Evaluation Framework - A Capital Works Evaluation Framework is a system used to assist in prioritising projects for consideration within an organisation's Capital Works Program.

Capital Works Prioritisation Matrix - A Capital Works Prioritisation Matrix is a table used to assign scores to proposed capital projects. The matrix may be used in isolation or be part of a more detailed Capital Works Evaluation Framework.

Capital Works Program - A Capital Works Program is a list of capital projects (new works, upgrades and renewals) programmed for construction in a given year or years.

Capitalisation - Capitalisation is the process of recognising a cost as part of the cost of an asset.

Car Park - A car park is a cleared area that is more or less level and is intended for parking vehicles. The term is used to describe both individual spaces, and an area set aside for a large number of vehicles.

Car Parking - Car Parking can refer to both the act of parking a car and to a physical car park.

Caravan Park - A caravan park is a facility where people with caravans can stay overnight, or longer, in allotted sites. Many caravan parks also contain on-site cabins, and these are sometimes refered to as holiday parks.

Carriageway - The carriageway is that portion of the road formation, including lanes, auxiliary lanes and shoulders that is set aside for the use of vehicles, either moving or stationary.

Carriageway Code - A Carriageway Code is an abbreviation used by some road authorities to describe certain types of roads.

Carriageway Width - The Carriageway Width is the width of road including shoulders and auxiliary lanes devoted to the use of vehicles.

Carrying Amount - Carrying amount is the amount at which an asset is recognised after deducting any accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses.

Cartridge Filters - Cartridge filters are filters that consist of an outer housing, which contains the filter medium. The type of medium required depends on the contaminants that need to be filtered. The nominal pore size of the filter medium determines the size of the contaminant that it will exclude. For example, if the size is 5 microns, then this will exclude most of the contaminants larger than 5 microns.

Cash Flow Forecast - A Cash Flow Forecast is an estimate of the cash that is expected to flow into and out of a business during a period of time such as quarterly or annually.

Cashflow - Cashflow is the stream of costs and/or benefits over time resulting from a project investment or ownership of an asset.

Cast Iron Cement Lined Pipe - Cast iron cement lined pipes were first developed in 1922 in the USA. The aim of cement lining is to reduce corrosion of the interior of the cast iron pipe and consequently maintain acceptable hydraulic characteristics.

Cast Iron Pipe - A Cast Iron Pipe is a pipe made of cast iron.

Catch Drain - A catch drain is a small surface channel constructed to intercept and divert runoff away from cut slopes, embankments, disturbed areas, and stockpiles.

Catch Pit - A catch pit is a stormwater pit located at the end of a drainage channel used to settle out solids before the flow enters a stormwater drain.

Catchment - A catchment, also known as watershed or drainage catchment, is an area of land surrounded by natural high features such as hills or mountains. Some of the runoff from rainwater in this area will flow to a low point like a stream or river and eventually to the ocean or an inland lake and the rest will infiltrate into the ground to become groundwater.

Cattle Grid - A cattle grid is a type of obstacle used to prevent livestock, such as sheep or cattle, from passing along a road which penetrates the fencing surrounding an enclosed piece of land.

Causeway - A causeway is a raised carriageway across wet or low areas or across tidal water.

Cemetery - A cemetery is a spatially defined area where the remains of deceased people are buried or are otherwise interred.

Centrifuge - A centrifuge is a piece of equipment, generally driven by a motor, that puts an object in rotation around a fixed axis, applying force perpendicular to the axis. Centrifuges are commonly used in water and wastewater treatment to dry sludges.

Change Management - Change Management is a structured approach to shifting/transitioning individuals, teams, and organizations from a current state to a desired future state.

Check Valve - A check valve is a valve that permits unidirectional flow and closes when the flow reverses. Check valves come in several configurations:

Checklist - A checklist is a type of informational job aid used to reduce failure by compensating for potential limits of human memory and attention. It helps to ensure consistency and completeness in carrying out a task. A basic example is the "to do list." A more advanced checklist would be a schedule, which lays out tasks to be done according to time of day or other factors.

Chemical Storage Area - A Chemical Storage Area is an area designed for storing chemicals.

Chicane - A chicane is a traffic management device characterised by a reduction of the trafficable width of a road as a result of either a change in kerb & channel alignment or the placement of a traffic island on one or both sides or the road carriageway.

Child Care - Child Care is the care of children either in a child care centre, a family day care or a similar service while the children's parents are working.

Child Care Centre - A child care centre is a facility at which young children are cared for whislt their parents are working or are otherwise unavailable to care for them.

Chip Seal - Chip Seal -> Sprayed Seal

Chlorine Detention Chamber - A Chlorine Detention Chamber' is a large concrete chamber designed to provide contact time for dissolved chlorine gas to kill bacteria in sewage. Chlorine Detention Chambers are typically found at Wastewater Treatment Plants, for final effluent treatment prior to discharge to environment.

Circumferential Cracking - Circumferential Cracking is the most common type of cracking found in water and sewer pipes. Circumferential cracks run around a pipe rather than along its length.

Civic Centre - A Civic Centre is a building or buildings containing Council Offices and/or Council Chambers and/or facilities for Civic Receptions.

Civic Park - A civic park is a park used for civic purposes. Civic parks are typically located close to the centre of a municipality or population centre, and are well serviced by roads & pathways.

Civic Precinct - A Civic Precinct is an area containing a number of civic buildings. It may incorporate a Civic Park or other open space.

Cladding - Cladding is a layer of material applied to the outside of a building or structure to control the infiltration of weather elements, or for aesthetic purposes. Cladding does not necessarily have to provide a water-proof condition but is instead a control element. This control element may only serve to safely direct water or wind in order to control run-off and prevent infiltration into the building structure.

Clearway - A clearway is a section of road where parking and stopping is prohibited either totally, or more usually between certain hours.

Climate Change - Climate change is a long-term change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years.

Cloud Computing - Cloud computing is a style of computing in which dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources are provided as a service over the Internet.

Clubhouse - A clubhouse is a building used by a sporting or community club as a base of operations. A Sporting Clubhouse (also Sports Pavilion) is typcially located adjacent to sports courts, a sports field, or an oval, etc.

Code of Practice - A Code of Practice is a document that sets out specific standards of conduct for an industry in relation to its customers.

Collaboration - Collaboration is the act of working with others to achieve a common goal.

Collective Intelligence - Collective intelligence is a shared or group intelligence that emerges from the collaboration and competition of many individuals.

Collector Road - A collector road is a non-arterial road that collects and distributes traffic in an area as well as serving abutting property.

Collector Street - A collector street is a street providing for local residential access and collection of traffic from access places and/or access streets.

Collector-Distributor Road - A Collector-Distributor Road is an auxiliary road, separated laterally from, but generally parallel to, a through road and joining it at a limited number of points. The road serves to collect traffic from and distribute traffic to several local roads.

Common Effluent Disposal - Common Effluent Disposal (CED) is a sewage collection system that consists of septic tanks on each property. Each tank may be connected to the reticulation sewerage system, which conveys the sewage to either a centralised wastewater treatment plant or to a lagoon sewage treatment facility. It also allows the option of on-site treatment.

Communal Street - A communal street is a carriageway providing access to a housing development and which is under the control of a body corporate or equivalent.

Community Building - A Community Building is both:

  • a building used for cultural or community purposes;
  • a field of practice directed toward the creation or enhancement of community among individuals within a regional area (such as a neighborhood) or with a common interest.

Community Centre - A Community Centre is a public building where members of a community may gather for group activities, social support, public information, and other purposes. Many Councils operate community centres.

Community Consultation - Community Consultation is the process of ensuring that communities are effectively consulted, prior to decisions that effect them are made.

Community Emergency Risk Management - Community Emergency Risk Management (CERM) is the process of:

  • protecting the community by identifying key natural and other hazards with a focus on preventing and reducing the effects of these hazards; and
  • providing a risk management framework, leading to further consultation with the community to enhance community safety.

Community Emergency Risk Management Plan - A Community Emergency Risk Management Plan is a plan that:

  • facilitates the protection of the community by identifying key natural and other hazards with a focus on preventing and reducing the effects of these hazards; and
  • provides a risk management framework, leading to further consultation with the community to enhance community safety.

Community Engagement - Community Engagement is a generic, inclusive term to describe the broad range of interactions between an organisation its community. It can include a variety of approaches, such as one-way communication or information delivery, consultation, involvement and collaboration in decision-making, and empowered action in informal groups or formal partnerships.

Community Engagement Plan - A Community Engagement Plan is a plan that specifies how the community should be involved in the decision making process for a given project and how to use community input to make better decisions.

Community Engagement Policy - A Community Engagement Policy is a policy that describes how a local government engages with the community about;
(a) preparing, reviewing and changing its long-term community plan; and
(b) any other matters mentioned in the policy relevant to establishing or reviewing the performance of its system of financial management.

Community Facility - A community facility is a facility that is designed to provide a service to a community.

Community Grant - A community grant is a sum of money provided to an organisation by a government to fund or help fund a community project.

Community Hall - A Community Hall is a Hall that is available for use by the general community.

Community of Practice - A community of practice is a group of people who share an interest, a craft, and/or a profession.

Community Plan - A Community Plan is a plan developed through community consultation to achieve a community endorsed vision for the future.

Community Planning - Community Planning is planning carried out with the active participation of the end users.

Community Satisfaction Survey - A Community Satisfaction Survey is a survey undertaken to discover how the residents of a municipality perceive that their Council is performing.

Community Service Level - A community service level / community level of service is a service level that specifies the level of service that is to be provided to the community.

Community Title Scheme - A community title scheme is a legally registered property that is shared between one or more separately owned lots of land. This shared property is managed by the registered lot owners through a body corporate.

Component - A component is a part of an asset that for any reason needs to be identified separately from its parent asset. Reasons may include a different useful life or maintenance regime.

Component Checklist - A Component Checklist is a list of component types that could be part of a typical asset of a particular asset type.

Composite Asset - A composite asset is an asset necessarily assembled from or compromised of assemblages and/or components.

Compressor - A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.

Computerised Maintenance Management System - A Computerised Maintenance Management System (CMMS) is a computer system that schedules, tracks and monitors maintenance activities and provides cost, component item, tooling, personnel and other reporting data and history.

Concrete - Concrete is a construction material composed of cement, aggregate, sand, water, and chemical admixtures.

Concrete Canvas - Concrete Canvas is a flexible concrete impregnated fabric that turns to concrete within 24 hours of being hydrated (sprayed with water).

Condition Assessment Manual - A Condition Assessment Manual (also Condition Rating Assessment Manual) is a document that specifies how asset condition inspections on a particular class of asset should be carried out, and how to determine the appropriate condition score for a given asset.

Condition Based Maintenance - Condition Based Maintenance is a maintenance technique that involves monitoring the condition of an asset and using that information to predict its failure.

Condition Monitoring - Condition Monitoring is the continuous or periodic inspection, assessment, measurement and interpretation of the resultant data, to indicate the condition of a specific component so as to determine the need for some preventive or remedial action.

Condition Report - A condition report is a report into the condition of an asset.

Condition-Based Depreciation - Condition-Based Depreciation is the determination of accumulated depreciation as the cost in any reporting period of restoring an asset's gross service potential, based on the condition of the asset within the period. Changes from year to year in cumulative depreciation so determined represent the annual depreciation.

Confined Space - A confined space is an enclosed or partially enclosed space that -:

  • (a) is at atmospheric pressure when anyone is in the space and
  • (b) is not intended or designed primarily as a workplace and
  • (c) could have restricted entry to, or exit from the place and
  • (d) is, or is likely to be, entered by a person to work and
  • (e) at any time, contains, or is likely to contain, any of the following-
    • (i) an atmosphere that has potentially harmful levels of contaminant
    • (ii) an atmosphere that does not have a safe oxygen level
    • (iii)anything that could cause engulfment.

Congestion Travel Index - The Congestion Travel Index (CGI) is a measure of traffic congestion. CGI is measured in "minutes of delay per km of travel". A CGI of zero represents uncongested free-flowing conditions. The higher the indicator, the greater the degree of congestion.

Constructed Wetlands - A constructed wetlands is a shallow pool of water, characterised by extensive areas of emergent aquatic plants/macrophytes, designed to support a wide range of micro-organisms and plants associated with the breakdown and trapping of nutrients. Wetlands may be designed as permanent wet basins (perennial) or ephemeral systems.

Construction Safety Plan - A Construction Safety Plan is a plan prepared by a principal contractor under Section 263 of the Queensland WH&S Regulation 2008.

Contaminated Land - Contaminated Land is land contaminated by hazardous substances (such arsenic, DDT or oil) which may pose a risk to human health and/or the environment. Common land uses which are known to cause contamination include service stations, cattle dips, tanneries, wood treatment sites and landfills.

Continuous Improvement - Continuous Improvement is an ongoing effort to improve products, services, or processes. Processes are constantly evaluated and improved on the basis of factors such as their efficiency, effectiveness and flexibility.

Contract Management - Contract Management relates to the legal framework in which procurement contracts operate. It requires an understanding what constitutes a valid contract, and the rights and obligations of all parties to the contract.

Contributed Asset - Contributed Asset -> Donated Asset

Convention Centre - A Convention Centre is a large building designed to hold a convention.

Coordinating Road Authority - A Coordinating Road Authority is the road authority with the responsibility for coordinating works within a particular road reserve.

Core Asset Management - Core Asset Management is Asset Management which relies primarily on the use of an asset register, maintenance management systems, job/resource management, inventory control, condition assessment, simple risk assessment and defined levels of service in order to establish alternative treatment options and long-term cashflow predictions. Priorities are usually established on the basis of financial return gained by carrying out the work (rather than detailed risk analysis and optimised decision making).

Core Asset Management Plan - A Core Asset Management Plan is an asset management plan that complies with the minimum legislative requirements for an asset management plan, and contains core asset management information.

Corporate Management Team - A Corporate Management Team (CMT) is a team of senior managers - typically the CEO and Directors of an organisation.

Corporate Plan - A Corporate Plan is a business plan that identifies a Council's strategic direction and outcomes for the future.

Corporate Planning - Corporate Planning is an operational & strategic planning process used by Councils and other organisations to develop a Corporate Plan.

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Acronyms . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . H . I . J . K . L . M . N . O . P . Q . R . S . T . U . V . W . X . Y . Z . All
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