A canal is an artificial waterway.
There are two main types of canals of interest to local government.
- Irrigation Channels
- Navigable Transportation Canals
Irrigation channels are common in agricultural areas, and navigable transportation canals are sometimes a feature of seaside residential developments.
In Queensland the Asset Management Advancement Program identifies canals as one of a number of "depreciating assets of significant value with long estimated useful lives" that need to be incorporated into Asset Management Plans. As open channels are mentioned separately in the context of stormwater drainage, the canals mentioned by A-MAP are presumably navigable transportation canals.