First Aid

What is first aid?

First aid is the immediate care of an injured or suddenly sick person. It is the care a person applies as soon as possible after an accident or sudden illness.

This prompt care and attention prior to the arrival of the ambulance can sometimes mean the difference between life and death or between a full or partial recovery.

The main aims of first aid are to:

  1. Preserve life - This includes the life of the casualty, bystander and rescuer.
  2. Protect the casualty from further harm - Ensure the scene is safe
  3. Provide pain relief - This could include the use of ice packs or simply applying a sling.
  4. Prevent the injury or illness from becoming worse - Ensure the treatment you provide does not make the condition worse.
  5. Provide reassurance.

It is important to understand that first aid has its limitations and does not take the place of professional medical treatment.

For further information, please visit online Active First Aid Manual.

Image source Paradise First Aid

Seven steps of emergency action plan (DRS ABCD):

  • Danger
  • Response
  • Send for help
  • Airway
  • Breathing
  • Compressions and
  • Defibrillation


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