A pavement surface defect in which binder is near the top of the aggregate particles. There is minimal surface texture. In severe cases the bitumen covers the aggregate - Austroads Glossary of Terms.
Flushing occurs when the available void volume in a seal is insufficient to accommodate the volume of bitumen, aggregate fines and other detritus
present. One theory is that loss of void volume leading to flushing is primarily a result of the build-up of fine (<4.75 mm) aggregate particles produced by wear and breakdown of sealing aggregate during construction and under traffic.2
External Links & References
- Pavement Guide Interactive
- Aggregate Breakdown as a Cause of Chip Seal Flushing (Herrington, Ball, Patrick & Towler)
- Beeding Seals & Pavement Preparation (Walter Holtrop)
- Google Search