Glossary

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Acronyms . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . H . I . J . K . L . M . N . O . P . Q . R . S . T . U . V . W . X . Y . Z . All

SAMI Seal - A SAMI Seal is a type of sprayed seal. SAMI is an acronym for Strain Alleviating Membrane Interlayer.

Sand Filter - A sand filter is a device designed to purify water by making it to pass through a layer of sand.

Scenario Planning - Scenario planning is a strategic planning method that can be used to make flexible long-term plans, by exploring and preparing for several alternative futures.

Scheduled Maintenance - Scheduled Maintenance is preventive maintenance carried out to a predetermined interval of time, number of operations, kilometres, etc.

School Crossing - A School Crossing is a specially marked section of road designed to afford school children and their carers a safe place to cross at school openning and closing times. Active school crossings are marked by orange flags and have a school crossing supervisor in attendance.

Sea Wall - A sea wall is a form of hard and strong coastal defence constructed on the inland part of a coast to reduce the effects of strong waves.

Sealed Road - The Victoria Grants Commission defines as Sealed Road a as road surfaced with bitumen, emoleum, asphalt, chip seal, concrete or clay segmented pavers.

Senior Citizens Centre - A Senior Citizens Centre is a building / facility designed or made available for the use of senior citizens.

Septic System - A a septic system is a small-scale sewage treatment system common in rural areas not covered by a sewerage scheme.

Septic Tank - A septic tank is a key component of a septic system, a small-scale sewage treatment system common in rural areas not serviced by a municipal sewerage treatment system.

Sequential Numbering System - A Sequential Numbering System is a system for assigning ID numbers to assets (or anything else for that matter).

Service Capacity - Service capacity is an asset's ability to deliver its service potential over time, expressed as a rate of service delivery.

Service Lane - A service lane is a lane 6 metres or less in width between boundaries, including rights-of-way less than 3.7 metres in width & resident access lanes. Some older neighbourhoods contain service lanes that were designed to allow for the manual collection of human waste.

Service Level - Service Level -> Level of Service

Service Level Agreement - A service level agreement (SLA) is the part of a service contract or a stand-alone document that formally defines the level of service to be delivered from one party to another.

Service Level Statement - A service level statement is a brief statement explaining to a customer the level of service that can be expected.

Service Pipe - The WSAA defines a Service Pipe as a water pipe that supplies water from the reticulation main to the consumer. The portion of the service pipe under the control of a Water Agency generally terminates at the water meter, or in the case of fire services, the isolating valve of the fire protection system.

Service Plan - A Service Plan is a document that provides an outline of the services that a Council (or any other organisation) provides. A service plan should aim to meet the current and future needs of the community, and provide a framework that will guide service development, facility planning, workforce development and IT/asset planning.

Service Planning - The Victorian Department of Human Services Capital Development Guidelines state that "The process of Service Planning defines the core services to be delivered to the community, in conjunction with the necessary ancillary or support services, also required within a prescribed timeframe."

Service Potential - Service potential is the total future service capacity of an asset. It is normally determined by reference to the operating capacity and economic life of an asset.

Service Review - A service review is a review of a business's services designed to identify potential service delivery improvements.

Service Road - A Service Road is a subsidary carriageway within the road reserve of a main artery and separated from the carriageways of the main artery.

Severity Of Duty - "Severity of Duty" is an expression which does not have a universally agreed definition. It appears to be most commonly used when referring to intensity of demand made on the performance of mechanical systems e.g. pumps.

Sewage - Sewage is domestic or industrial waste water which is discharged to a sewer system.

Sewage Pump Station - A Sewage Pump Station (SPS) is a pump station designed to pump sewage either directly or via an intermediate pump station to a Wastewater Treatment Plant.

Sewer - A sewer is a pipeline or other construction, usually buried, designed to carry sewage.

Sewer Access Point - A Sewer Access Point is a pit or a shaft designed to allow access to a sewer for maintenance.

Sewer Flow Monitor - A Sewer flow monitor is a device used to assist with determining the inflow and infiltration into the sewer system. Monitors are installed at key points of the system to continuously record flow depth and flow velocity. In conjunction with rainfall data, the sewer flow rate can be correlated with rainfall events. A hydrograph displays the variation of sewer flow over time.

Sewer Lamphole - A sewer lamphole is a reticulation sewer end of line access point to allow limited access to facilitate inspection or clearing of obstructions.

Sewer Maintenance Hole - A Sewer Maintenance Hole is a Sewer Access Point with a removable cover which allows human and machine access to a (typically buried) Sewer.

Sewer Maintenance Shaft - A Sewer Maintenance Shaft is a Sewer Access Point on a sewer between Sewer Maintenance Holes, larger than inspection openings, which provides equipment access but not person access to the sewer and which allows limited change of grade and/or direction; used where appropriate as an alternative to Sewer Maintenance Holes.

Sewer Manhole - Sewer manhole is a deprecated term for Sewer Maintenance Hole.

Sewer Pipe - A sewer pipe is a pipe designed to transport sewage.

Sewer Relining - Sewer Relining is a Renewal Activity, where a PVC pipe is inserted or extruded into a clay or concrete Gravity Sewer, nearing the end of its life.

Sewer Surcharge - Sewer surcharge refers to the overloading of the sewer beyond its design capacity due to inflow and infiltration of water. A surcharging sewer often results in sewer overflow at manholes and customers' over flow relief gully, ORG.

Sewer System - A Sewer System is a network of pipelines and ancillary works that conveys sewage to a treatment works or other place of disposal.

Sewer Terminal Maintenance Hole - A sewer terminal maintenance hole is an end of line sewer access point with a removable cover which allows human and machine access to a sewer. A sewer terminal maintenance hole provides access to the sewer system for customer sanitary drains via property connection sewers.

Sewer Terminal Maintenance Shaft - A Sewer Terminal Maintenance Shaft is a Sewer Access Point to allow insertion into the sewer of equipment for CCTV inspection and maintenance.

Sewerage Treatment System - A sewerage treatment system (or sewerage network) is the infrastructure used to receive, transport and treat sewage or effluent, including sewers, access chambers, machinery, outfalls, pumps, structures and vents."

Shared Footway - A shared footway is a footpath on which pedestrians and bicyclists mix, but on which bicyclists must give way to pedestrians.

Shared Path - A shared path or shared use path is a pathway designed for the use of both pedestrians & cyclists.

Shed - A shed is a slight structure built for shelter or storage, or for use as a workshop.

Sheepsfoot Roller - Sheepsfoot Roller , also known as a Padfoot Roller, is a machine used in soil compaction operations. It is most suited for compaction of plastic soils such as clay or silt.

Shelter - A Shelter is an open structure designed to protect outdoor assets such as playground equipment, seats, tables and other park furniture, and any people using them from the sun, rain and other inclement weather.

Shire - Shire is a term used to describe a rural local government region. It is a term that is synonymous with council or municipality.

Shoulder Grading - Shoulder Grading is a common road maintenance activity. As the term suggests it is the process of levelling and reshaping the unsealed shoulders of sealed rural roads with a grader.

Shoving - Shoving is the deflection and bulging of the road surface generally parallel to the direction of traffic, and/or horizontal displacement of surfacing materials. Shoving is typically caused by braking, accelerating or turning vehicles.

Side Entry Pit - A Side Entry Pit (SEP) is a stormwater pit located adjacent to kerb & channel designed to collect stormwater from a road surface.

Side Inlet Pit - A side inlet pit is a stormwater pit located behind a length of kerb & channel with an opening under the backstone or lintel to capture road runoff.

Sign - A sign in the local government sense is usually a two dimensional object with writing or a symbol advising the public of or about a place or object(s).

Significant Tree - A significant tree is a tree of a size, rarity, age, species or historical or cultural value that warrants the placing of special restrictions of what can and cannot be done to it.

Silent Voting - Silent voting is an issue prioritisation technique, in which a group of people nominate a set number of items from a larger a list of items as being most important, without prior discussion.

Skate Park - A skate park is a purpose-built recreational environment for skateboarders, roller skaters, rollerbladers and BMX riders to ride and develop their technique. A skatepark may contain half-pipes, quarter pipes, handrails, funboxes, vert ramps, pyramids, banked ramps, full pipes, pools, bowls, snake runs stairsets, and any number of other objects.

Slide Rail - A Slide Rail ( also often called a Guide Rail) is an assembly to lift out a submersible pump for servicing without the need to enter the pit or disconnect the pipework.

Sliplining - Sliplining is the process of installing a smaller diameter pipe into a larger existing pipe. Sliplining is commonly used to renew sewers.

Sludge Drying Bed - A sludge drying bed is an open area at water treatment plant or a wastewater treatment plant where moist sludge is left to dry.

Slurry Seal - A slurry seal is a layer of cold mixed asphalt, consisting of graded aggregate, a binder, fines and additives, usually without a polymer modifier.

Social Plan - A Social Plan is a document that identifies community need, prioritises actions and develops programs, projects and activities to deliver outcomes that will enhance the well-being of the community.

Soft Asset - A soft asset is (in the local government context) a a non infrastructure asset.

Soft Fall - Soft fall is a type of rubber matting designed to reduce injuries inflicted upon people (typically children) falling from a height. It is widely used in playgrounds.

Softscaping - Softscaping is the a component of landscaping consisting of plants, trees, shrubs, lawns, gardens etc.

Software - Software is a general term used to describe the role that computer programs, procedures and documentation play in a computer system.

Soil Compaction - Soil Compaction is the process of applying mechanical forces to soil with the aim to reduce the air spaces between soil particles and thereby increase the shear strength of the compacted soil.

Soil Nailing - Soil Nailing is used in ground stabilisation works such as slopes, embankments and pavements. It increases shear, friction and tension strength of soil. Solid or hollow reinforcing steel bars are inserted into closely spaced pre-drilled holes and grouted into place.

Spalling - Spalling is the disintegration of concrete or heavily bound pavements such as footpaths that occurs at edges, joints, corners and cracks.

Special Interest Group - A Special Interest Group (SIG) is a community with an interest in advancing a specific area of knowledge, learning or technology where members cooperate to effect or to produce solutions within their particular field, and may communicate, meet, and organize conferences.

Specification - A specification is an explicit set of requirements to be satisfied by a material, product, or service.

Speed Hump - A speed hump is a traffic control device used to slow traffic, particularly in residential areas.

Spiral Cracking - Spiral cracking is a pipe failure mode. As the name suggests it presents as a crack that spirals around the circumference of a pipe.

Splitter Island - A splitter island is a raised or painted traffic island that separates traffic in opposing directions of travel. They are typically used at roundabouts and on the minor road approaches to an intersection.

Sports Facility - A sports facility (also Sporting Facility) is a facility where a sport or sports are played.

Sports Ground - A sports ground is an outdoor facility, typically a grassed arena where a sport or sports are played.

Sports Park - A Sports Park is a park that provides a range of facilities for practising and playing structured or organisation-based sports for teams or individuals.

Sports Pavilion - A Sports Pavilion is the clubhouse of a sporting club.

Spray Seal - Spray Seal -> Sprayed Seal.

Spraybed - A spraybed is a structure designed to oxidize and correct the PH water to make it more suitable for domestic use.

Sprayed Seal - A sprayed seal is a thin layer of binder sprayed onto a pavement surface with a layer of aggregate incorporated and which is impervious to water. A Sprayed Seal is sometimes referred to as a "Spray Seal", a "Bitumen Seal" or a "Chip Seal".

Staff Training - Staff Training is the process of teaching staff better and safer ways of working.

Standard Drawing - A standard drawing is a drawing of a typical asset or component.

Statutory Compliance - Statutory Compliance is the act or state of complying with all of the laws and regulations pertinent to an organisation or endeavour.

Statutory Planning - Statutory Planning is the part of the town planning process that is concerned with the regulation and management of changes to land use and development.

Stock Route - A stock route is a pathway for travelling stock on roads, reserves, unallocated state land and pastoral leases.

Stop Valve - A stop valve or isolating valve is a valve type that is used to permanently or temporarily stop flow in a pipe. Ball valves, gate valves, globe valves and check valves are the most common subcategory of stop valves.

Stormwater - Stormwater is a term used to describe water that originates during precipitation events (rain).

Stormwater Drain - A stormwater drain is an drainage channel, pipe, culvert or similar structure used to receive and transport stormwater.

Stormwater Drainage - Stormwater Drainage is the process of or infrastructure associated with the drainage of stormwater.

Stormwater Installation - Section 76(3) of the Queensland Local Government Act 2009 defines a Stormwater Installation for a property as -

  • any roof gutters, downpipes, subsoil drains or stormwater drain for the property; but
  • does not include any part of a local government's stormwater drain.

Stormwater Management Plan - A Stormwater Management Plan (also Urban Stormwater Management Plan) is a plan that develops an integrated approach to urban stormwater quality.

Stormwater Pipe - A Stormwater Pipe (also Drainage Pipe) is a pipe designed or used for carrying stormwater.

Stormwater Pit - A Stormwater Pit is a reinforced concrete chamber constructed below ground, designed to accept rainwater from surface inlets and/or one or more upstream stormwater pipes and to discharge this rainwater into a single downstream stormwater pipe.

Stormwater Quality Improvement Device - A Stormwater Quality Improvement Device (SQID) is a device or structure designed to remove a pollutant or pollutants from stormwater prior to it entering a natural water course or body.

Stormwater Quality Management Plan - A Stormwater Quality Management Plan is a plan that establishes a framework “to manage stormwater quality in urban
waterways in a way that maintains or enhances the state of balance among environmental, social and economic interests within a community”.

Straight-line Depreciation - Straight-line depreciation is a depreciation method that results in a constant reduction of an assets written down value over the useful life of the asset, providing its residual value does not change.

Strategic Asset Management Plan - A Strategic Asset Management Plan (SAMP) is a document (or series of documents) that acts as both an Asset Management Plan and an Asset Management Strategy.

Strategic Longer Term Plan - A Strategic Longer Term Plan is a strategic plan that;

Strategic Plan - A Strategic Plan is a plan that documents the long-term goals and strategies of an organisation.

Strategic Planning - Strategic planning is an organization's process of defining its strategy, or direction, and making decisions on allocating its resources to pursue this strategy, including its capital and people.

Strategic Resource Plan - A Strategic Resource Plan (SRP) is a plan of the resources required to achieve the strategic objectives.

Strategic Service Level - A Strategic Service Level is a service level concerned with customer outcomes but also relates to how an organisation (i.e. council) describes these services. One instance could be Community Service Level, but it is difficult to find an authoritative definition of this term.

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Acronyms . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . H . I . J . K . L . M . N . O . P . Q . R . S . T . U . V . W . X . Y . Z . All
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