12D Model
12D Model is a CAD / Civil Design software suite developed by 12D Solutions.

12D Solutions
12D Solutions Pty Ltd is an Australian software developer specialising in civil engineering and surveying applications.

13 Reasons Your Council/Organisation Should Create a Wiki

  1. To make data stored in directories/folders easier to find.
  2. To build operational manuals.
  3. To encourage collaboration.
  4. To identify anomolies, overlaps and gaps in an organisations processes and terminology.
  5. To improve customer service.
  6. To capture knowledge
  7. To organise knowledge
  8. To share knowledge
  9. To transfer knowledge
  10. To give context to data
  11. To improve personal and corporate memory
  12. To aggregate data
  13. To help develop Ideas

2000 Plus

20 Minute City
A 20-minute City is a smart city concept in which no matter where citizens live, they can easily access (within 20 minutes) the places they need to visit on a daily basis.

2010-2011 Floods
If you have any information about the 2010-2011 Floods you would like to share with other Councils, please feel free to add to/edit this page.

2011 Calendar
2nd - ALGIM Web Symposium

2012 Calendar
28 - 29 March
The Oakes on Market, 60 Market St. Melbourne 3000
For more Information

2012 NAMAF Questions
In 2009, the Local Government and Planning Ministers' Council established the Local Government Reform Fund. The Local Government Reform Fund aims to support the accelerated implementation of the National Consistent Frameworks in 11 practice areas of asset management.

2013 Calendar
21-22 February - LGPro Annual Conference

2014 Queensland Council De-amalgamations
Four Councils that ceased to exist following the 2008 Queensland Council amalgamations were re-established on 1 January 2014:

30-minute City
A 30-minute City is a smart city concept in which no matter where citizens live, they can easily access (within 30 minutes) the places they need to visit on a daily basis.

3D Printing
3D printing is a form of additive manufacturing technology where a three dimensional object is created by laying down successive layers of material.

3D Street Level Imagery
3D Street Level Imagery is 3D imagery of a transport network generated from a series of stereoscopic photographs, typically obtained from car mounted cameras. 3D street level imagery can be used with 3D models of large city areas, and is an effective way of collecting asset information.

3D Urban Model
A 3D Urban Model is a computerised 3D model of a city.

5 on 5
5 on 5 is a quick and simple Management Tool that helps get and keep employees and their supervisors on the same page.

A Better World is Just Around the Corner
The proposition that "A better world is just around the corner, and people working in local government have an opportunity and obligation to help make it arrive sooner." is part of the LGAM Philosophy.

A Guide to Asset Accounting in Local Governments
A Guide to Asset Accounting in Local Governments is published by the Queensland Department of Infrastructure & Planning. It is designed to support Mayors, Councillors and employees of Local Governments in understanding key aspects of asset accounting and the relationship to asset management.

A Guide to the Visual Assessment of Pavement Condition
"A Guide to the Visual Assessment of Pavement Condition" is an Austroads guide first published in 1987. It provides a common reference system for describing the condition of road pavements.

A Guide to Working in the Road Reserve
A Guide to Working in the Road Reserve is a VicRoads guide published in December 2009. As the title suggests it contains information for anyone planning to carry out works within a road reserve.

A to Z
An A to Z is an alphabetic listing of topics. A to Z listings are used by some Councils as an aid to help Customer Service Officers direct queries to the relevant unit with in the organisation.

A Wealth of Opportunities
"A Wealth of Opportunities" was the title of a report on the potential from Infrastructure Asset Management in South Australian Local Government prepared for the Local Government Infrastructure Management Group in April 2001.

A9CAD is a free CAD software package.

AADT Count
AADT Count -> Traffic Count

AAS 27
AAS 27 is the Accounting Standard pertaining to the "Financial Reports by Local Governments".

AAS 5 is the Accounting Standard pertaining to "Materiality".


AASB 1015
AASB 1015 is the Accounting Standard pertaining to the "Acquisitions of Assets".

AASB 1021
AASB 1021 is the Accounting Standard pertaining to "Depreciation".

AASB 1041
AASB 1041 is the Accounting Standard pertaining to the "Revaluation of Non-Current Assets".

AASB 1045
AASB 1045 is an Accounting Standard pertaining to Land Under Roads, which covers amendments to AAS 27A, AAS 29A and AAS 31A.

AASB 1051
AASB 1051 is the Accounting Standard pertaining to Land Under Roads.

AASB 1055
AASB 1055 is the Australian Accounting Standard pertaining to the "Budgetary Reporting".

AASB 116
AASB 116 is the Australian Accounting Standard pertaining to the "Property, Plant & Equipment".

AASB 13 is the Australian Accounting Standard pertaining to "Fair Value Measurement".

AASB 136
AASB 136 is the Accounting Standard pertaining to "Impairment".

AASB Glossary
The AASB Glossary is a glossary published by the Australian Accounting Standards Board that contains defined terms from Australian Accounting Standards and the Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements and Statements of Accounting Concepts


ABC Local Government News
The ABC publishes a wide range of stories about local government every day. Click here to visit the ABC Local Government Page or click on a link below to read a specific article.

ABC News

About the LGAM Glossary
The LGAM Glossary is generated automatically. The first paragraph of each page with the tag "definitions" is included.

ABS Engineering Construction Survey
The ABS Engineering Construction Survey is conducted quarterly and aims to measure the value of all engineering construction work undertaken in Australia by both private and public sector organisations. These estimates together with results from the Building Activity Survey provide a complete quarterly picture of building and construction activity in Australia.

Absorption Trench
An Absorption Trench is a trench that is excavated into the ground and is installed along the natural contour of the ground and contains an arch or slotted pipe, aggregate, geo-textile, and is back filled with topsoil. Absorption trenches treat wastewater from toilets, laundries, bathrooms and kitchens. The length of trench depends on the soils absorptive capacity and the local climatic conditions.

acap was an asset condition assessment & programming system developed in New Zealand for Australasian Local Authorities.

Accela is a US-based provider of cloud-based civic engagement solutions for government.
Accela’s Civic Platform, which includes open APIs and mobile apps, enables and improves core processes for city, county, state and federal governments by making publicly available information more accessible.

Accelerated Pavement Testing
Accelerated Pavement Testing is the controlled application of a prototype wheel loading, at or above the appropriate legal load limit to a prototype or actual, layered, structural pavement system to determine pavement response and performance under a controlled, accelerated, accumulation of damage in a compressed time period.

Acceleration Lane
An acceleration lane is short traffic lane designed to permit vehicles entering a road to accelerate to the speed limit of the road prior to merging with existing traffic.

The term Access can have a number of meanings in the local government context.

  1. Microsoft Access - the database software that is part of Microsoft Office.
  2. A way or means of approaching or entering and entrance or a facility.

Access Chamber
An access chamber (or manhole) is a structure designed to allow access to an underground service, such as a stormwater pipe or a sewer.

Access Chambers

Access Facility
An access facility is a physical means of entry or exit for vehicles between adjoining land and a road reserve.

Access Lane
An access lane is a rear or side lane providing access to parking on lots with street frontage and/or short connections between access places or access streets principally to facilitate movement of service and emergency vehicles.

Access Place
An Access Place is a cul-de-sac or minor street providing local residential access with shared traffic, pedestrian and recreation use, but with pedestrian priority.

Access Places

Access Road
An Access Road is a road that provides access to abutting properties with amenity, safety and aesthetic aspects having priority over the vehicle movement function. These roads are bicycle and pedestrian friendly. They are managed by local government.

Access Street
An access street is a street providing local residential access with shared traffic, pedestrian and recreation use with local traffic priority.

Access Way
An access way is a private road or local street serving very low traffic volumes, whose design need not be dominated by traffic considerations.

Accessibility is a measure of how accessible a facility or service is, particularly to people with a disability or special need.

Accessible Car Parks Photo No.1

Accessible Parking Bay

A Disabled Parking Bay (also Accessible Parking Bay) is a specially marked parking bay reserved for use by people with a disability. Disabled parking bays are typically located as close as possible to the facility that they service. The current standard for parking for people with disabilities recommends that a 2.4m wide shared zone (the yellow striped area in the image below) be located adjacent to every disabled parking bay to provide for easy access to the vehicle and in particular ramped side access to the vehicle.


Related Pages


The following site members have contributed to this page:

External Links & References

  1. Google Search (Accessible Parking Bay)
  2. Google Search (Disabled Parking Bay)

Accounting Standard and Regulation Compliance
Councils are obliged to adhere to a wide range of accounting standards, legislation and regulations. Ensuring that these obligations are met is an important Council administrative function.

Accounting Standards
Accounting Standards are published by the Australian Accounting Standards Board, and are downloadable free of charge from their website.

An accrual is a charge for work that has been done but not yet invoiced, for which provision is made at the end of a financial period.

Accrual Accounting
Accrual Accounting is an accounting method that recognises revenues as they are earned and expenses as they are incurred.

Accrued Expense
An accrued expense is expense which has been incurred but not yet paid.

Accumulated Depreciation
Accumulated Depreciation is the total amount of depreciation charged to an asset from when it was first recognised to a given point in time.

ACDC As Constructed Design Certification Open Spatial
As Constructed Design Certification (ACDC) (Open Spatial)

ACEAM is an Asset Management Practice providing services in Australia, South East Asia and USA. They were listed as one of 18 approved Asset Management Consultants by Local Buy in early 2008.

Acoustic Logging
Acoustic Logging is a method of determining the location of a leak in a water main, by placing listening devices at known distances along the main.

Acoustical Barrier
Acoustical Barrier -> Noise Barrier

An acronym is an abbreviation of several words in such a way that the abbreviation itself forms a word.

For a lists of acts see: Australian Legislation.
For the territory see: Australian Capital Territory

Active Asset
"Active Asset" is a term that is sometimes used by some valuers (and others) to describe above-ground networks assets (e.g. reservoir, pump station).

Active Open Space
The term Active Open Space is used to describe land on which formal outdoor sports and other organised physical activities are played or undertaken, such as sporting competitions, recreation centres, exercise grounds and those facilities that are typically hired for use such as tennis courts or swimming pools.

Active Park
An Active Park is a park containing one or more sporting fields or that actively encourages physical activity.

In the most general sense an Activity is a thing that a person or group does or has done. In local government the term is used to describe an action carried out by a council employee or employees on a regular basis in order to provide or support the provision of a Council service.

Activity Expenditure Matrix
The table below is an attempt to match expenditure types to common maintenance activities. Click on the activity type in the first column for more information.

Activity Types
Activities can be grouped in many different ways, but four of the most common groupings are upgrade, renewal, maintenance and operation. There are several definitions for each of these terms, but even if a definition is agreed upon, there are always some activities that fall into the grey area between groups. One way to get around this problem is to define a group not by a written definition, but by explicitly listing all activities that are members of a group. The table below is an attempt to do this.


Acts & Regulations

Acts and Regulations
In Australia and elsewhere legislation has two main parts;

  • Acts are drafted and approved by a national or state parliment;
  • Regulations are declared under a particular act.

Adapt Solutions

With respect to Asset Accounting an addition is the cost involved for adding new assets or bettering existing assets within a business. Additions can take the form of adding new parts that could be reasonably expected to increase useful life or potential, and/or adding new assets to increase production.

Section 73 of AASB 116 requires that Councils financial report shall (amongst other requirements) disclose, for each class of property, plant and equipment a reconciliation of the carrying amount at the beginning and end of the period showing (amongst other items) additions. It does not however define the term "additions".

Adelaide Report It
Adelaide Report It is a Smart Phone Application developed by Adelaide City Council. It enables residents to identify and report council-specific issues such as potholes, graffiti and faulty street lights around Adelaide city and North Adelaide, to the Council for prompt actioning.

Administration Building
An administration building is an office building from which a business or organisation is administered. The main offices of many local councils are known as administration buildings.

Administration Buildings

Administrator's Blog
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Advanced Asset Management
Advanced Asset Management is Asset Management which employs predictive modelling, risk management and optimised decision making techniques to establish asset lifecycle treatment options and related long term cashflow predictions.

Adventure Blueprint Photos
The photos below have been taken by Tim Booth of Adventure Blueprint. They have been released to the public domain.

Adverse Crossfall
Adverse Crossfall occurs when a section of road with a curved alignment is not super-elevated to counteract the effect of the centrifugal force acting on vehicles travelling along the road.

Advertising Sign
An Advertising Sign is a sign designed to promote a good, service or event. Advertising signs may be temporary, mobile or permanent.

Advocacy is a political process by an individual, organisation or a group which aims to influence public-policy and resource allocation decisions within political, economic, and social systems and institutions.

AEC Group
AEC Group were listed as one of 18 approved Asset Management Consultants by Local Buy in early 2008.

AECOM (formerly Maunsell AECOM) is a large consulting company that offers a wide range of services including;

Aeration Basin
An Aeration Basin is a basin where oxygen is supplied by mechanical agitation or pneumatic means to enhance the breakdown of wastes held in suspension.

Aerial Mapping
Aerial Mapping is the creation of maps from data collected by aircraft, including both manned aircraft and unmanned vehicles or drones.

Aerial Photography
Aerial photography is the taking of photographs of the ground from an elevated position.

Aerial Photos
The aerial photos below are part of the LGAM Photo Library. If you have a photo that you would to contribute, please feel free to upload them to a Contributor Photo Gallery.

Aerobic Wastewater Treatment System
An Aerobic Wastewater Treatment System is an aerobic biological wastewater treatment system, usually producing secondary treatment.

An aerodrome is a defined area on land or water (including any buildings, installations, and equipment) intended to be used either wholly or in part for the arrival, departure and surface movement of aircraft.

Aerodrome Apron
An Aerodrome Apron is a defined area on a land aerodrome intended to accommodate aircraft for the purposes of loading or unloading passengers, mail or cargo, fuelling, parking, or maintenance.

Aerodrome Beacon
An Aerodrome Beacon is an aeronautical beacon used to indicate the location of an aerodrome from the air.

Affinity Diagram
An affinity diagram is used to organize a large amount of language data into groupings based on natural relationships between each item. It is created with the following steps:

Aged and Disabled Resident Support
Most Local Government Councils provide a range of support services to aged and disabled residents.

Aggregate is a material composed of discrete mineral particles of specified size or size distribution, produced from sand, gravel, rock or metallurgical slag, using one or more of the following processes: selective extraction, screening, blasting or crushing. Aggregate is used in the construction of sprayed seals and in concrete mixtures.

Air Valve
An air valve is a valve used on pipes to release air trapped within the pipes as a result of filling or emptying it. Air valves are situated on high points of the pipeline.

An "air-conditioner" is an appliance, system, or mechanism designed to extract heat from an area using a refrigeration cycle.

An airport is a location where aircraft such as Fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, and blimps take off and land.

Airport Apron
An airport apron is part of an airport. It is usually the area where aircraft are parked, unloaded or loaded, refueled or boarded. Although the use of the apron is covered by regulations, such as lighting on vehicles, it is typically more accessible to users than the runway or taxiway. However, the apron is not usually open to the general public and a license may be required to gain access.

Airport Management
Airport Management is the management of an Airport, including the management of; passenger and cargo terminal buildings, ground handling of passengers and baggage, ground access systems, environmental impacts, land-use planning and control, airport capacity and delay, public relations and airport finance.

Airport Runway

Airport Terminal
An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from aircraft.

Airport Terminals


Airports Act 1996
Airports Act 1996 is designed to:

(a) to promote the sound development of civil aviation in Australia;
(b) to establish a system for the regulation of airports that has due regard to the interests of airport users and the general community;
(c) to promote the efficient and economic development and operation of airports;
(d) to facilitate the comparison of airport performance in a transparent manner;
(e) to ensure majority Australian ownership of airports;
(f) to limit the ownership of certain airports by airlines;
(g) to ensure diversity of ownership and control of certain major airports;
(h) to implement international obligations relating to airports.

Airservices Australia
Airservices Australia are a government-owned corporation providing safe and environmentally sound air traffic control management and related airside services to the aviation industry.

Alexa is a web site that publishes information about the amount of traffic visiting web sites.
The sites are ranked in ascending order, i.e. the most popular site has a ranking of "1".

Alfresco is an open source enterprise content management (ECM).
It has the following functionality:

  • Document Management
  • Web Content Management
  • Collaboration
  • Content Platform and Repository
  • Content Management Interoperability Services (CMIS)
  • Records Management
  • Image Management

ALGA Local Government Knowledge Management Toolkit
The Local Government Knowledge Management toolkit (the Toolkit) has been developed by the ALGA to help build the capacity of local government staff to recognise the opportunities for discovering and sharing knowledge. The Toolkit has been prepared on behalf of the Australian Local Government Association to assist local governments to find, harness, and manage their knowledge resource. A strategic outcome is to facilitate flows of knowledge within and between councils, and ultimately the community all local governments serve. The Toolkit can be used as a text book document, teaching aid or as a series of individual modules.

All Photos

The ListPages module does not work recursively.


All Weather Road
An All Weather Road is a road that is trafficable in all weather conditions. Typically this means a road that is constructed in such a way that excessive rain does not cause it to be flooded or sodden to such an extent that vehicles travelling over it are likely become bogged.

An allotment is an area of land shown on an approved Plan of Subdivision, and on which it is planned to construct a dwelling or dwellings.

Allotment Drainage
Allotment Drainage is a system of field gullies, manhole chambers and underground pipes constructed within private property to convey flows through and from allotments.

Alloy Valve Photos
The photos below have been made available by The Alloy Valve Stockist.
To upload additional photos, click on the grey "files" button at the bottom of the page.

0-9 . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . H . I . J . K . L . M . N . O . P . Q . R . S . T . U . V . W . X . Y . Z

The Local Government & Municipal (LGAM) Knowledge Base is a Wiki created for the use of and to promote collaboration between Local Councils, Water Authorities and associated organisations, and to help them try to save money by sharing information. It is primarily aimed at an Australian & New Zealand audience, but users from other countries are more than welcome to join, and are encouraged to reuse any useful information they find on the site.

The ListPages module does not work recursively.

Altitude Valve
An altitude valve is a type of valve typically found in a storage tank of a water distribution system. It closes to prevent the storage tank from overflowing when a pre-set level is reached, but will remain open while the level is below the set point.

AM System CSV File Generator
%%linked_title%%,Adapt Solutions

The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.
The ListPages module does not work recursively.

AMCE Consulting
AMCE Consulting were listed as one of 18 approved Asset Management Consultants by Local Buy in early 2008.

AMCORD is a document published by the Local Government and Planning Ministers' Council that is designed with respect to the town planning process to;

  • reduce uncertainty and hence the potential for delay and conflict;
  • raise awareness of any regional planning requirements and hence consideration of any proposed development in a broader context;
  • provide support for developing and interpreting the performance approach in the Design Elements;
  • give local authorities the means to determine a range of Acceptable Solutions before applications are made;
  • provide an opportunity for addressing community concerns about development before applications are made;
  • defines roles and responsibilities;
  • provides opportunities for establishing clear procedures for particular requirements, such as information to be supplied and the contribution required towards infrastructure provision.

AMCORD Road Types
AMCORD mentions a number of road types, including;

Amenity is both:

  • the pleasantness or attractiveness of a place,
  • a desirable or useful feature or facility of a building or place.

Amlib is a web-based library management, knowledge management and PC booking management system.

AMP Asset Capacity & Performance Summary
An "AMP Asset Capacity & Performance Summary" should address:

  • Design Capacity, Actual Measured Capacity & Current Utilization of Assets.
  • The Location of Detailed Information.
  • Asset Capacity deterioration graphs & failure modes.

AMP Asset Condition & Estimated Life Summary
An AMP Asset Condition & Estimated Life Summary should include:

  • Summary of current asset condition based in best information currently available.
  • Brief details on how condition is monitored.
  • Age and Condition Profile Graphs.

AMP Creation Acquisition Plan

AMP Demand Management Plan
An "AMP Demand Management Plan" should:

  • Describe non-asset solutions available as alternatives to asset-based solutions (i.e. demand management, insurance, managed failures)
  • Summarise new works programs and costs

AMP Physical Parameters Summary
An "AMP Physical Parameters Summary" should contain:

  • General comments of asset mix, age, size, material, location & current issues.
  • A summary of total asset parameters in table in graph formats.
  • An Overall Plan of Asset Network.
  • An explanation of how to obtain part-by-part asset information.

AMP Purpose Statement
An AMP Purpose Statement should:

  • Specify and document how and what asset data is collected, and how it is stored and disseminated;
  • Demonstrate responsible management;
  • Comply with regulatory requirements;
  • Communicate and justify funding requirements;
  • Identify to Council officers, their duties and responsibilities for the Management Budget operation and maintenance of the various asset types.

AMP Renewal Replacement Plan

AMP Routine Maintenance Plan

AMP Technological Change Forecast

AMQ International
AMQ International is based in South Australia. It produces "Strategic Asset Management", a fortnightly practice and policy bulletin for those involved in public sector asset management, edited by Dr Penny Burns. It maintains the largest publicly available library on asset management on its resource website, www.amqi.com

AMS Field List

The ListPages module does not work recursively.

AMS Fields

The table below is a checklist of fields that could be included within an asset register. It is hoped the table will serve as a starting point for the development of a common data exchange format for asset management systems.

The ListPages module does not work recursively.


A generic assets table should obviously contain a sufficient fields to cater for known reporting requirements, and data lodgement standards, such as those listed below.

  1. ADAC
  2. A-Spec
  3. Roads Alliance Minimum Common Data Set

Related Pages


The following site members have contributed to this page:

External Links & References

  1. Google Search

AMS Specification
This table lists the clauses in the Asset Management System Functional Specification by clause ID number. The number in the third column is the number of people who have indicated they believe the clause is an important one.

Ancillary Area
The Victorian Road Management Act 2004 defines an ancillary area as an area designated as ancillary area by the coordinating road authority under section 18 of the Act.

Andrew Keith's Photos
The photos below have been supplied by Andrew Keith . They have been released to the public domain.

Animal Control
Animal Control -> Animal Management

Animal Enclosure
An Animal Enclosure is a cage, pen or other structure used to house and or contain animals.

Animal Management
Animal Management in the local government context covers a range of activities, including:

Animal Pound
An Animal Pound is a facility for the tempory housing of stray pets and/or livestock.

Animal Pound Operation
Many Councils own and/or operate an Animal Pound or shelter.

Animal Shelter
Animal Shelter -> Animal Pound

Animal Welfare Facility
An Animal Welfare Facility is facility that combines the functions associated with a traditional Animal Pound with other services related to the welfare of animals.

Annual Average Daily Traffic
Annual Average Daily Traffic (AADT) is the total volume of vehicle traffic of a highway or road for a year divided by 365 days. AADT is a useful and simple measurement of how busy the road is.

Annual Budget
An annual budget is a budget that is prepared for a 12-month period. An annual budget outlines both the income and expenditures that are expected to be received and paid over the coming year.

Annual Depreciation
Annual Depreciation (also Annual Depreciation Charge & Annual Depreciation Expense) is the amount of depreciation charged against an asset or a group of assets over the course of a financial year.

Annual Depreciation Charge

Annual Depreciation (also Annual Depreciation Charge & Annual Depreciation Expense) is the amount of depreciation charged against an asset or a group of assets over the course of a financial year.

Related Pages


The following site members have contributed to this page:

External Links & References

  1. Google Search (Annual Depreciation)
  2. Google Search (Annual Depreciation Charge)

Annual Depreciation Expense

Annual Exceedance Probability
Annual Exceedance Probability (AEP) refers to the probability of a flood event occurring in any year. The probability is expressed as a percentage. For example, a large flood which may be calculated to have a 1% chance to occur in any one year, is described as 1%AEP.

Annual Plan
An annual plan is a document produced annually by a Council (or any other organisation) to inform stakeholders of its objectives, intended activities, performance, income and expenditure required for a period of one financial year. It may also indicate anticipated future short-term income and expenditure.

Annual Report
An annual report is a comprehensive report on a company's activities throughout the preceding year. Local Government annual reports are intended to give ratepayers and other interested parties information about the Council's activities and financial performance.

Annual Service Cost
The Annual Service Cost is an estimate of the cost that would be tendered, per annum, if tenders were called for the supply of a service to a performance specification for a fixed term. The Annual Service Cost includes operation, maintenance, depreciation, finance, opportunity and disposal costs, less revenue.

ANZLIC is the peak body of the Australian and New Zealand spatial industries.

ANZSOG Institute for Governance

Appearance of Public Areas
The Appearance of Public Areas is one of nine specific performance areas that residents are asked about in the annual Victorian Local Government Community Satisfaction Survey. The survey considers that local parks and gardens, street cleaning and litter collection, and street trees contribute to the appearance of public areas.

Application Programming Interface
An Application Programming Interface (more commonly known by its acronym, API) is a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications. An API expresses a software component in terms of its operations, inputs, outputs, and underlying types.

Aquatic Centre
An Aquatic Centre (also Swimming Pool Complex) is a facility designed for people to swim and/or participate in other water based activities. Aquatic Centres may contain a range of components including; indoor and outdoor pools, kiosks, barbecues, water slides and playgrounds.

An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted. Some Councils rely on aquifers for part of their water supply.

Aquifer Recharge Station

Aquifer Recharge System
An Aquifer Recharge System is a system for pumping or otherwise transferring stormwater or treated wastewater from a surface storage into an aquifer.

Aquifer Storage and Recovery
Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) is the re-injection of potable water back into an aquifer for later recovery and use.

Archives Disposal Schedule
An Archives Disposal Schedule is a document that sets out, for how long a document must be kept before it can be disposed of.

ArcPad is an ESRI product. "ArcPad is a map-centric, Windows-based mapping and field data collection application designed for GIS-trained professionals in small- to medium-sized workgroups who typically perform ad-hoc data collection. It includes advanced GIS/GPS editing functionality to facilitate post processing and also supports related tables. ArcPad projects can be customized using scripts and applets available in ArcPad Studio."

Area Lighting
Area Lighting is lighting infrastructure used to illuminate a facility. It may be considered to be an asset or asset component by some Councils, made up of:

  • Electrical Cables
  • Poles
  • Light Fittings
  • Circuit Breakers/Fuses
  • Lamp Starting Equipment
  • Conduit
  • Lamp

Armidale Dumaresq Council
The Armidale Dumaresq Council was formed from the merger in 2000 of the original City of Armidale with the surrounding Dumaresq Shire. The combined area covered the urban area of Armidale and the surrounding region, extending primarily eastward from the city through farming districts to the gorges and escarpments that mark the edge of the Northern Tablelands of New South Wales. The Council had a population of 24,533 and covered an area of 4235 km²


The ARRB Group (ARRB) was created in 1960 as the Australian Road Research Board. It consists of the state, territory and federal government road agencies in Australia.

ARRB Group Ltd (ARRB) provides research, consulting and information services to the road and transport industry. ARRB applies research outcomes to develop equipment that collects road and traffic information and software that assists with decision making across road networks. ARRB is a leading provider of road research and best practice workshops in Australia.

ARRB were listed as one of 18 approved Asset Management Consultants by Local Buy in early 2008.

Related Pages

External Links & References

  1. ARRB Group Website
  2. Google Search

ARRB Group
The ARRB Group (ARRB) was created in 1960 as the Australian Road Research Board. It consists of the state, territory and federal government road agencies in Australia.

Art Display
An art display is a collection of artworks that can be viewed. An art display may be housed or shown in a purpose built facility such as an Art Gallery or in any other suitable location such as the foyer of a civic building.

Art Feature
The term Art Feature is used by some councils to describe decorative objects located within council parks or open space that may or may not be considered to be works of art.

Art Galleries

Art Gallery
An art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of artworks, usually visual art.

Art Gallery Photo No.1

Arterial Road
An Arterial Road is a road that predominantly carries through traffic from one region to another, forming principal avenues of travel for traffic movements.

Arterial Roads

If anyone would like to submit an article to the site, just create a new page with the prefix "art:" and type away. They will be automatically listed below.

Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science that aims to create it.

Artificial Sandstone
Artificial sandstone is sandstone created by mixing sand and a chemical or biological agent. A number of methods for creating artificial sandstone have been suggested, but to date none of them are being widely used.

Artificial Sandstone Roads
Artificial Sandstone roads are little more than an idea at this point in time, but Murdoch University in Western Australia is currently developing a process for solidifying sand by applying a calcium solution, bacteria and other inexpensive compounds to the sand and forcing the bacteria to form carbonate. The process is apparently capable of creating rock as hard as marble. If the process can be adapted for constructing roads, it could conceivably dramatically reduce the cost of road construction in sandy areas. The cement is known as biocement.

Arts Centre
An Arts Centre is a facility designed to display artworks and to encourage appreciation of and participation in the arts.

Arts Development
Many Councils play an active role in promoting and developing the arts within their municipality.

An Artwork is an object such as a painting or a sculpture created by an artist and typically designed to be visually stimulating for viewers of the object.

Artworks Custodianship
Many councils collect and/or display artworks in art galleries and/or other locations and venues.

Artworks Maintenance
Artworks Maintenance is any maintenance activity performed on a work of art to stop or reverse a detioration in its condition.

AS 2419.1
AS 2419.1 is the Australian Standard relating to Fire hydrant installations - System design, installation and commissioning.

AS 5488-2013
AS 5488-2013 "Classification of Subsurface Utility Information"" is an Australian Standard. It is designed to provide a consistent method of conveying subsurface utility information for a variety of purposes throughout the lifecycle of the asset, fit for purpose.

As Built Drawing

As Constructed Design Certification (ACDC)
As Constructed Design Certification (ACDC) is a software tool developed by Open Spatial that extracts data from as constructed drawings, and converts it to a format suitable for importing into a range of GIS and Asset Management Systems.

As Constructed Drawing
An "As Constructed Drawing" or "As Constructed Plan" is an engineering drawing detailing exactly how a asset or a facility was constructed. These drawings are also known as "As Built Drawings" and simply "As Cons".

As Constructed Drawings

As Constructed Plan

An "As Constructed Drawing" or "As Constructed Plan" is an engineering drawing detailing exactly how a asset or a facility was constructed. These drawings are also known as "As Built Drawings" and simply "As Cons".


Designs are sometimes modified during a project, and if this happens the original design drawings are not a true representation of the final layout of the asset or facility. An As Constructed Drawing takes into account of any in-project changes and is a true representation of what was built.

An "As Constructed" stamp is typically placed on the drawing so it can be quickly and easily distinguished from a design drawing. In the above example the stamp is a red box containing the words "As Constructed Plan".


Related Pages

External Links & References

  1. Google Search (As Constructed Drawing)
  2. Google Search (As Constructed Plan)
  3. City of Gold Coast As Constructed Data Capture Guidelines

Asbestos is a fibrous form of mineral silicates belonging to the serpentine and amphibole groups of rock-forming minerals, including actinolite, amosite (brown asbestos), anthophyllite, chrysotile (white asbestos), crocidolite (blue asbestos), tremolite, or any mixture containing one or more of the mineral silicates belonging to the serpentine and amphibole groups.

Asbestos Cement
Asbestos Cement (AC) is am material constructed from sand aggregate and cement reinforced with asbestos fibres.

Asbestos Cement Pipe
An asbestos cement pipe is a pipe made from asbestos cement.

Asbestos Management Plan
An Asbestos Management Plan is a document created to help persons with control of premises to comply with the asbestos prohibition and prevent exposure to airborne asbestos fibres while ACM remain in the workplace.

Asbestos Register
An Asbestos Register is a register of asbestos-containing materials.

Ashish Shah
Ashish Shah (City of Logan) E

Asia Pacific Institute for Good Asset Management
Asia Pacific Institute for Good Asset Management (APIGAM) is an organisation created to "consolidate and continually promote the provision of better quality of life, housing and planning in the Asian, Australasia and Pacific region."

A-SPEC is a consortium of Councils that is developing common specifications for the supply of digital data, with a view to achieving efficiency and cost savings in the process of maintaining their corporate geographic information systems (GIS) and asset management systems (AMS).

Asphalt is a composite material consisting of bituminous binder and mineral aggregate mixed together then laid down in layers and compacted.

Asphalt Footpath
An Asphalt Footpath is a footpath constructed from asphalt hotmix.

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