Back of Kerb
The term Back of Kerb is used to describe the edge of kerb and channel furtherest from the road it adjoins. The line of the back of kerb is sometimes used as a reference line when carrying out a feature survey or setting out works in a road reserve.

Back Scanning
Back Scanning is the process of scanning historical documents, such as development plans, contracts, permits and other vital records that are held in paper format. These documents are scanned to create a digital copy, which is then stored and managed in an electronic document repository.

Backflow Prevention Device
Backflow Prevention Device is a mechanism used to protect water supplies from contamination or pollution due to backflow.

Background Reading
Below is a list of links to interesting sites & articles on topics relating to; wikis, information sharing, web 2.0, etc.
Feel free to add any other articles of interest that you come across.

A backhoe is a versatile item of plant commonly used by Councils and Council contractors. It is a multi-purpose vehicle combining the abilities of an excavator with a loader. It consists of three main tools: a front shovel-bucket, excavator arm & bucket, and tractor.

Baggage Carousel
A baggage carousel is a mechanical conveyor belt-like device, designed to deliver checked luggage to travelers after they have disembarked.

Balance Tank
A Balance Tank is a tank or reservoir used to store water for the purpose of equalising or balancing fluctuating demand.

Balanced Scorecard
The balanced scorecard is a strategic performance management tool - a semi-standard structured report, supported by proven design methods and automation tools, that can be used by managers to keep track of the execution of activities by the staff within their control and to monitor the consequences arising from these actions.

Ball Valve
A ball valve is a valve that uses a ball shaped disk to start and stop flow. Ball valves are one of the simplest valve types, and are made in 1-piece, 2-piece and 3-piece configurations. They tend to be the cheapest valve type and one of the easiest to maintain.

Banana Regional Road Group
The Banana Regional Road Group is one of a number of Queensland Regional Road Groups.

Bang the Table
Bang the Table is a web-based community consultation service. It offers tools for engaging in collaborative learning, discussion, and debate.

Bankstown City Council
Bankstown City Council is located in the western suburbs of Sydney in New South Wales.
It covers an area of 77 sq.km & has a population of 174,513.

Bar Chart
A bar chart or bar graph is a chart that presents Grouped data with rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values that they represent.

Bar Chart Example No.1
Quite a few of the charts on this site have been generated using HTML & Javascript. This page and a number of similar pages have been added just in case you would like to reuse some of the code that has been employed.

A Barbecue (also Barbeque & BBQ) is an outdoor cooking device often located in Council parks.

Barbecue Area
A Barbecue Area is an area set aside within a Park for people to sit, picnic and/or barbecue.

Barbecue Shelter
A barbecue shelter is a shelter erected above a barbecue to provide shade and/or protection rain.

Barbeque -> Barbecue

BarCamp is an international network of user-generated conferences (or unconferences). They are open, participatory workshop-events, whose content is provided by participants.

Barnewall Resources
Barnewall Resources is a consultancy that provides services in a number of areas including asset management, assisting clients in the management of their civil infrastructure assets (such as roads, drainage, bridges, water. sewerage, wharves etc). They are currently working with several water authorities and local government councils in South East Queensland.

Barrier Kerb
Barrier Kerb is kerb with a nearly vertical face. It is designed to act as a barrier, preventing vehicles from leaving the road carriageway.

Barriers to Collaboration
The following list of barriers to collaboration is based on a survey of Council Staff conducted in 2015. It isn't an exhaustive list, but it could be a good starting point for anyone trying to compile a list of barriers to collaboration in their organisation.

  • Not knowing or knowing of potential collaborators or their skills and interests
  • Physical separation
  • An environment in which collaboration is discouraged
  • A lack of collaboration skills
  • A perceived lack of time
  • Mutually exclusive goals

Maybe you have seen the videos of IBM's supercomputer Watson beating games show champions in the USA recently. If not there are a couple of videos of Watson in action on the Artificial Intelligence page.

Baseline Water Use
Baseline Water Use is the water usage for all sites within an organisation’s Water Management Action Plan over a 12 month period.

Baseportal is a web database. It can be used to insert sortable tables into web pages.

BASIX is a NSW Government intiative that ensures new homes are designed and built to use less potable water and produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions.

Basketball Court
A basketball court is a playing surface, consisting of a rectangular area with baskets at either end. Many Councils provide and maintain basketball courts for their residents.

Basketball Court Photo No.1

Basketball Courts

Battle Axe Lot
Battle Axe Lot -> Hatchet Lot

Baulkham Hills Shire Council

BBQ -> Barbecue

BBQ Area Photo No.1

A beach is a geological landform along the shoreline of an ocean, sea, lake or river. It usually consists of loose particles which are often composed of rock, such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles, or cobblestones. The particles of which the beach is composed can sometimes instead have biological origins, such as shell fragments or coralline algae fragments.


Belt Press
A belt press or belt press filter is a device used to separate out sludge from wastewater. Belt presses typically consist of two permeable filter belts and a number of rollers.

Benchmarking is a process to measure, analyse, assess and describe an organisation’s performance against agreed criteria for appropriate management purposes. It is a tool used to compare a company’s performance against recognised benchmarks, targets or compliance with local laws.

Best Practice
A best practice is a method or technique that has consistently shown results superior to those achieved with other means, and that is used as a benchmark.

Best Practice Guideline
A Best Practice Guideline is a document that explains current best practice in a particular field.

Best Value
Best Value is a set of principles mandated by State Governement legislation that is designed to ensure that Councils deliever best value services to their ratepayers.

Best Value Principles

Best Value is a set of principles mandated by State Governement legislation that is designed to ensure that Councils deliever best value services to their ratepayers.


Section 208A of the Victorian Local Government Act 1989 mandates that Councils must comply with the Best Value Principles, set out in Section 208B of the act, namely:

white-pixel.png(a) all services provided by a Council must meet the quality and cost standards required by Section 208D;
white-pixel.png(b) subject to sections 3C(2)(b) and 3C(2)(e), all services provided by a Council must be responsive to the needs of its community;
white-pixel.png(c) each service provided by a Council must be accessible to those members of the community for whom the service is intended;
white-pixel.png(d) a Council must achieve continuous improvement in the provision of services for its community;
white-pixel.png(e) a Council must develop a program of regular consultation with its community in relation to the services it provides;
white-pixel.png(f) a Council must report regularly to its community on its achievements in relation to the principles set out in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e).

External Links & References

  1. Wikipedia
  2. Google Search
  3. Local Government (Best Value Principles) Act 1999

Bicycle Activity Area
A bicycle activity area is an area within a playground designed for use by children with bicycles.

Bicycle Activity Area Photo No.1

Bicycle Activity Areas

Bicycle Bicycle Facility Photos
The bicycle & bicycle facility photos below are part of the LGAM Photo Library. If you have a photo that you would to contribute, please feel free to upload them to a Contributor Photo Gallery.

Bicycle Facility
A Bicycle Facility is a facility that encourages cycling as a mode of transport.

Bicycle Lane
A bicycle lane is a narrow traffic lane set aside on a road for the use of cyclists.

Bicycle Path
A Bicycle Path (or Cycle Path) is a track, path, track or lane designated for use by cyclists from which motorised traffic is generally excluded.

Bicycle Plan
A Bicycle Plan is a plan that "encourages cycling as an alternative to motor vehicle travel, including government and community programs designed to provide safer and more convenient bicycle travel."

Bicycle Rack
A bicycle rack is a device to which bicycles can be securely attached for parking purposes. Bicycle racks are often present in Council parks and facilities.

Bicycle Strategy
A Bicycle Strategy is a strategy designed to find ways of encouraging bicycle use.



A bikeway is a road, track, path or marked lane designated for use by cyclists from which motorised traffic is generally excluded.

A binder is a bituminous material used for waterproofing the surface of a road or similar pavement and holding an aggregate layer to it.

Biocement is a term coined by Dr Cord Ruwisch of Murdoch University to describe calcium carbonate formed by soil based bacteria. Biocement can "set" sand into a solid rock-type material without the need to remove the sand from its location.

Bioconcrete is a type of concrete containing a type of bacteria called Bacillus pasteruii that produce calcite. The calcite produced by the bacteria can fill in tiny cracks that would otherwise admit water, threatening the integrity of the concrete or its metal reinforcement.

Biodiversity Planning
Biodiversity Planning is …..

A biofilm is a microbial layer that is formed on the inside of water distribution pipes. The source of the bacteria is the water itself. Even treated water is not 100% free of bacteria. These bacteria remain after surviving the treatment process or ingress into the pipes by other means and thereby escape treatment.

Biofiltration System
A Biofiltration System is a system that uses plants or other biological agents to treat water.

Biofouling or biological fouling is the accumulation of microorganisms, plants, algae, or animals on wetted surfaces. Such accumulation is referred to as epibiosis when the host surface is another organism and the relationship is not parasitic.

Bioretention Basin
A bioretention basin is a vegetated area where stormwater runoff is collected and filtered through a filter media layer (eg. sandy loam) as it percolates downwards through to sub-soil drains and on into the stormwater drainage network.

Bioretention Swale
A bioretention swale is a swale with a bioretention system installed in its base.

Bioretention System
A Bioretention System is a system that uses vegetation to reduce downstream flow velocities and subsequent drain sizes whilst facilitating treatment. Bio-retention systems combine various Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) treatment types in one 'treatment train'. A system is designed to carry out primary and/or secondary treatment processes of stormwaters and retard flows. This retention or retardation can enable sediments to precipitate out of the water taking along with it some pollutants. The use of biological processes to 'treat' stormwater whilst facilitating conveyance and retention gives rise to the title of Bio-retention.

Bio-Retention System

A Bioretention System is a system that uses vegetation to reduce downstream flow velocities and subsequent drain sizes whilst facilitating treatment. Bio-retention systems combine various Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) treatment types in one 'treatment train'. A system is designed to carry out primary and/or secondary treatment processes of stormwaters and retard flows. This retention or retardation can enable sediments to precipitate out of the water taking along with it some pollutants. The use of biological processes to 'treat' stormwater whilst facilitating conveyance and retention gives rise to the title of Bio-retention.

A Bioretention System is typically a well-vegetated, retention cell or pond designed to enhance water filtration through a specially prepared sub-surface sand filter. Bio-retention cells may be incorporated into grass or vegetated swales or may be a stand-alone treatment system. The system incorporates vegetation with medium-term stormwater retention and sub-surface filtration/infiltration.

Incorporating Trees into Bioretention Systems

Prioritising Biorention System Maintenance


Related Pages

External Links & References

  1. Melbourne Water
  2. Water by Design
  3. Google Search
  4. Ideanthro Bioretention Video Playlist
  5. Wikipedia Article
  6. Construction and Establishment Guidelines: Swales, Bioretention Systems and Wetlands (Water by Design)

Biosolids is sewage sludge that has been treated to reduce disease causing pathogens, thus becoming suitable for beneficial reuse. Biosolids have been used in:

BIS (Authority Business Intelligence) is a software package sold by Civica for use with Authority.

Bitumen is a very viscous liquid or a solid, consisting essentially of hydrocarbons and their derivatives, which are soluble in carbon disulphide. It is substantially non-volatile and softens gradually when heated. It possesses waterproofing and adhesive properties. It is obtained from native asphalt or by processing the residue from the refining of naturally occurring crude petroleum. Bitumen is used in the construction of Sprayed Seals.

Bitumen Seal
Bitumen Seal -> Sprayed Seal


Black Spot Program
The Black Spot Program is an Australian Federal Government initiative designed to reduce crashes on Australian roads.

Black Water
Black water is water which contains human, food or animal waste.

Blanket Purchase Order
A blanket purchase order is purchase order set up to cover multiple invoices submitted by a single company or entity but pertaining to multiple projects (and therefore multiple cost codes).


Flushing (also Bleeding) is the partial or complete immersion of aggregate into the bituminous binder causing low texture depth and inadequate skid resistance.


Alternate Definitions

A pavement surface defect in which binder is near the top of the aggregate particles. There is minimal surface texture. In severe cases the bitumen covers the aggregate - Austroads Glossary of Terms.


Flushing occurs when the available void volume in a seal is insufficient to accommodate the volume of bitumen, aggregate fines and other detritus
present. One theory is that loss of void volume leading to flushing is primarily a result of the build-up of fine (<4.75 mm) aggregate particles produced by wear and breakdown of sealing aggregate during construction and under traffic.2

Related Pages

External Links & References

  1. Pavement Guide Interactive
  2. Aggregate Breakdown as a Cause of Chip Seal Flushing (Herrington, Ball, Patrick & Towler)
  3. Beeding Seals & Pavement Preparation (Walter Holtrop)
  4. Google Search

Block Cracking
Block Cracking is a series of interconnecting cracks that form in a roughly rectangular pattern. It can occur in both concrete and flexible road pavements.

A blog (a contraction of the term "weblog") is a type of website, usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary, descriptions of events, or other material such as graphics or video. Entries are commonly displayed in reverse-chronological order.

Blow Out
A blow out commonly occurs in pressure pipes due to corrosion pitting in metallic pipes.

A blower is a piece of machinery used to force air to flow from one point to another.


BluePoint is a privately owned software development company based in Melbourne, Australia. Specialising in enterprise content management solutions, BluePoint works with organisations to deliver content solutions including search, geospacial, and line of business applications.

Bluestone is a basaltic rock often used as a construction material in roads, drains and buildings, typically in older well established areas.

Board of Professional Engineers of Queensland
The Board of Professional Engineers of Queensland is the body responsible for administering the Queensland Professional Engineers Act 2002.

A boardwalk is a raised typically wooden pathway designed for use by pedestrians and cyclists. Boardwalks are often found along beaches, but they are also common as paths through wetlands, coastal dunes, and other sensitive environments.

Boat Ramp
A Boat Ramp is a structure for loading & unloading boats. A boat ramp provides a trafficable sloping surface that transitions from land to water and allows boats on trailers to be backed into the water and launched.

Boat Safety
Since it's a recreational activity, most boating is done in calm protected waters and during good weather. Even so, conditions can change rapidly, and a small vessel can get into life-threatening difficulties. It's important to keep an inventory of safety gear on board every boat, which is prescribed by the U.S. Coast Guard as well as state boating law administrators in the U.S. Depending on the size of the boat and how it is powered, required equipment may include:

  • personal flotation devices (PFDs or life jackets) for everyone on board
  • a throwable flotation device (in the U.S., a Type IV PFD)
  • navigation lights suitable for the type of boat operation
  • visual distress signals (VSDs) which are effective both day and night
  • sound-making devices including horns and bells
  • fire extinguisher(s)
  • a copy of the Inland Rules of the Road

Boating Facility
A Boating Facility is any facility constructed for boating purposes, such as a pontoon, boat ramp or jetty.

Body Corporate Road
A Body Corporate Road is a carriageway providing access to a housing development and which is under the control of a body corporate.

A bollard is a post designed to act as a barrier to traffic.


Boom Gate
A boom gate is a bar, or pole pivoted in such a way as to allow the boom to block vehicular access through a controlled point. It is generally electric motor driven and commonly has a system of vehicle detection for closing and authorised entry detection such as a card reader for opening.

Booster Pump Station
A Booster Pump Station is a pump station designed to boost the pressure of water within a long pipeline. Typically they would be used to boost low reticulation pressure in areas of higher elevation but can also be used to boost pressure in long transfer mains.

Booster Pump Stations

Border Road
Border Road -> Boundary Road

A Bore (or more specifically a Ground Water Bore) is a shaft constructed to extract water from an aquifer. If the water flows to the surface without the need for a pump, then the bore is called an artesian well.

Bore Pump Station
A Bore Pump Station is a water pump station designed to extract water from an aquifer.


Borrow Pit
A borrow pit is a term used in construction and civil engineering. It describes an area where material (usually soil, gravel or sand) has been dug for use at another location. Borrow pits may be found close to major construction projects. For example, soil might be excavated to fill an embankment for a highway, clay might be excavated for use in brick-making, gravel to be used for making concrete, etc.

Botany Bay City Council

The Council of the City of Botany Bay is located in Sydney, New South Wales. It has a population of approximately 38,000.

Locality Plan

How to embed a Google Map in a page

Contact Information

E-mail: ua.vog.wsn.yabynatob|licnuoc#ua.vog.wsn.yabynatob|licnuoc

Software Systems

Asset Management System: dTIMS
Document/Records Management System: Unknown
Financial System: Authority
Geographical Information System: Unknown

About This Page

If you are looking at this page because you work for this Council, please consider signing up to the site and contributing some information or circulating this link to other Council employees who might be interested. Some information about what software systems the Council uses & some contact details would be a good start, but any information that you can contribute to the site, on any topic will be greatly appreciated. There are a lot of good reasons to contribute, and it is pretty easy. Click here for an explanation about how to edit pages.

External Links & References

  1. Council Website
  2. Wikipedia

Boundary Road
A Boundary Road is a road located on the boundary between municipalities.

Box Culvert
A Box Culvert is a П-shaped reinforced concrete structure used in civil engineering works, including; drainage and road works. Box culverts are most commonly used as an alternative to drainage pipes where design constraints limit the amount of cover available, but are also used in the construction of of a range of other assets including; pedestrian underpasses.

Box Culverts

Brainstorming is a problem solving technique by which a group tries to find a solution for a specific problem by amassing a list of ideas spontaneously contributed its members.

Branch Sewer
The Water Services Association of Australia Sewerage Code defines Branch Sewers as follows

Breakdown Maintenance
Breakdown Maintenance is maintenance that is performed on an asset after it has failed.

A brick is a block of ceramic material used in masonry construction, usually laid using various kinds of mortar.

Brick Paved Footpath
A Brick Paved Footpath is a footpath consructed with Brick Pavers.

Brick Paving
Brick Paving is a surface consisting of equally spaced brick pavers.

Bricscad is an DWG CAD alternative offering a complete and recognizable feature set to professional users. Bricscad reads and writes the DWG format and offers high compatibility with AutoCAD® 2009.

A bridge is a structure built to span a gorge, valley, road, railroad track, river, body of water, or any other physical obstacle.

Bridge Approach
A Bridge Approach is a section of road leading up to or away from a bridge. The length of road considered to be part of the bridge approach will depend on the type of bridge in question and a number of other factors, but will however typically extend at least to the end of the bridge guardrail and/or pavement width changes associated with the bridge - perhaps 20-30m either side of the bridge abutments.

Bridge Approach Photo No.1

Bridge Asset Management System
Bridge Asset Management System (also referred as Bridge Asset Management (BAM) or Bridge Information Management (BIM) System) in its basic format stores bridge and its component related inventory information. It should cater for major culverts.

Bridge Cleaning
Bridge Cleaning is the cleaning and clearing of the bridge deck, footway, expansion joints, scuppers and downpipes.

Bridge Deck
The deck of a bridge is the surface of the bridge on which vehicles or pedestrians travel.

Bridge Hierarchy
A Bridge Hierarchy is a scheme for categorising bridges into groups that are treated similarly.

Bridge Inspection
A bridge inspection is an inspection carried out on a bridge to ascertain its condition.

Bridge Load Limit
A bridge load limit is a restriction placed on the mass vehicles allowed to cross a given bridge.

Bridge Parapet
A bridge parapet is a barrier along the edge of a bridge designed to prevent road users from falling or driving off the side of the bridge. A parapet may also restrict the the ease of throwing objects over the side of the bridge and/or act as a noise barrier.

Bridge Photos
The bridge photos below are part of the LGAM Photo Library. If you have a photo that you would to contribute, please feel free to upload them to a Contributor Photo Gallery.

Bridge Related Activities Checklist
Councils may be responsible for and/or perform a wide range bridges-related activities, including those listed below.

Bridge Scupper
A Bridge Scupper is an opening in the side of a bridge through or under the parapet designed to allow water to drain from the bridge deck.

Bridge Substructure
The substructure of a bridge is the part of the bridge that supports the superstructure and transfers the structural load to the foundations, including the abutment, piers, and other support structures.

Bridge Superstructure
The superstructure of a bridge is the portion of the structure that is the span and directly receives the live load.


Brisbane City Council Population

Brisbane Metro Alliance Regional Road Group
The Brisbane Metro Alliance Regional Road Group is one of a number of Queensland Regional Road Groups.

Brisbanecity mobi
Brisbanecity.mobi is a smart phone application developed by Brisbane City Council to provide enhanced service to its citizens.

A Bro-Pit is a precast Side Inlet Pit manufactured by Rocla.

Brownfields Valuation
A Brownfields Valuation is a valuation of an asset that takes into account the cost associated with; existing underground services, adjacent buildings or other similar constraints when calculating the replacement cost of the asset.

Bruce Janke's Photos
The photos below have been taken by Bruce Janke . They have been released to the public domain.

Bubble Tap

A drinking fountain (also bubble tap) is a device designed to provide a stream of drinking water from which a user can drink directly. Unused water is typically collected by a basin arrangement below the water stream.

Drinking fountains are a common embellishment in Council parks.

drinking-fountain2.jpg Drinking-Fountain-2.jpg

Related Pages


The following site members have contributed to this page:

External Links & References

  1. Wikipedia
  2. Google Search (Drinking Fountain)
  3. Google Search (Bubble Tap)

A budget is a quantified financial plan for a forthcoming accounting period

Budget Preparation
Budget Preparation is the process of developing an annual budget.

Budgeting in the local government context is the preparation of an annual budget. It is basically the process of allocating the funds available in a given year to those projects, initiatives, programs and activities assessed to be of highest importance to the functioning of the organisation and its broader priorities.

Budgeting and Reporting Framework
Section 137 of the Victorian Local Government Act 1989 states that a Council must establish and maintain a budgeting and reporting framework that is consistent with the principles of sound financial management.

Buffer Strip
A buffer strip is an area of land maintained in permanent vegetation that helps to control air, soil, and water quality, along with other environmental problems.

Buffer Zone
A buffer zone is an area of land separating certain types of development from adjoining sensitive land uses to minimise negative impacts.

A building is any man-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy.

Building Act
There are a number of Building Acts in existence, including;

Building Audit
A building audit is an assessment of if a building is suitable for a given purpose, and/or what actions need to be undertaken to make the building suitable for an given purpose.

Building Code of Australia
The Building Code of Australia (BCA) wass produced and maintained by the Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB) on behalf of the Australian Government and State and Territory Governments. It was given the status of building regulations by all States and Territories

Building Component
Buildings are sometimes broken up into a number of building components for the purpose of recording information about them in an asset register and depreciating them at an appropriate rate.

Building Components

Building Envelope
The term Building Envelope is used to describe the structure of of a building including;

  • external walls, windows and doors
  • internal weight-bearing walls
  • cladding.

Building Failure Modes
Buildings & building components can be damaged or fail as a result of a number of factors, and in a number of ways, including;

Building Fitout
Building Fitout -> Fitout

Building Hierarchy
A Building Hierarchy is a scheme for categorising buildings into groups that are treated similarly.

Building Information Modelling
Building information modelling (BIM) is a process involving the generation and management of digital representations of physical and functional characteristics of built environment.

Building Inspection
A Building Inspection is an inspection of a building or building site designed to ascertain its condition, compliance with codes of practice and building regulations or suitability for habitation.

Building Inspector
A Building Inspector is a person who inspects buildings to ensure compliance with laws and regulations and advises on building requirements.

Building Maintenance
Building Maintenance is any maintenance carried out on a building.

Building Maintenance Expenditure
Building Maintenance Expenditure is expenditure on the maintenance of buildings.

Building Mechanical Services
Some building componentisation schemes/methodologies group certain types equipment together as Building Mechanical Services for valuation purposes.

Building Permit
A building permit is a document that certifies that a building surveyor has approved documentation for proposed building work prior to its commencement.

Building Photos
The building photos below are part of the LGAM Photo Library. If you have a photo that you would to contribute, please feel free to upload them to a Contributor Photo Gallery.

Building Quality Control
Building Quality Control - Councils are responsible for ensuring that buildings erected within the municipality are constructed in accordance with regulations and to a suitable standard.

Building Regulation Administration and Enforcement
Section 212(1) of the Victorian Building Act 1993 states that "except where otherwise expressly provided in this Act or the building regulations, a council is responsible for the administration and enforcement of Parts 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8 and the building regulations in its municipal district."

Building Related Activities Checklist
Councils may be responsible for and/or perform a wide range building-related activities, including those listed below.

Building Service Authority
The Building Services Authority (BSA) is a statutory authority established under the Queensland Building Services Authority Act 1991.

Building Substructure
The substructure of a building is that part of a building located below ground or plinth level, which includes the foundations, the basement and the floor in the case where the floor transmits loads to the soil beneath the building. (A concrete raft slab is an example of a floor that is part of the building substructure).

Building Superstructure
The Building Superstructure is that part of a building structure located above the level of the floor.

Building Surveyor
A Building Surveyor is a person qualified to assess building plans to ensure they are compliant with building regulations including the Building Code of Australia Standards. They are responsible for making sure that buildings are safe, accessible and energy efficient.

Building Type
Councils provide a wide range of services and rely on a wide range of buildings to provide those services. Assigning similar buildings within a database a particular building type allows them to be easily seperated from other buildings for reporting purposes.

Building Useful Lives
The useful life of most buildings and building components will natuarally depend on a wide range of environmental factors, but it is usually necessary to adopt a standard useful life for a range of asset types for asset management and accounting purposes.

Built Environment
The term Built Environment refers to the human-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from buildings and parks or green space to neighbourhoods and cities that can often include their supporting infrastructure, such as water supply, or energy networks.

Built-Up Area
The Australian Road Rules define a built-up area as "an area in which there are buildings on the land next to the road, or there us street lighting, at intervals not over 100 metres for a distance of at least 500 metres or if the road is shorter than 500 metres for the whole road.

An bulldozer is an item of heavy construction machinery (plant) mounted on tracks and equipped with a substantial metal blade designed to push large quantities soil, sand, rubble, etc. Bulldozers are often also equipped at the rear with a claw-like device (known as a ripper) to loosen densely compacted materials.

Bundaberg Regional Council Photos
The photos below have been made available by Bundaberg Regional Council.

Bundaberg Regional Council Population

Burnett Mary Regional Group
The Burnett Mary Regional Group for Natural Resource Management Inc (BMRG) is the peak coordinating body for natural resource management in the Burnett Mary region.
BMRG is tasked with oversight of such natural resource and environmental management issues as water quality, salinity, and sustainability - sustainable development of the Burnett Mary region's land, vegetation, weeds and pest management, coastal and marine management and water resources.

The Burnett Mary Regional Group for Natural Resource Management Inc (BMRG) is one of 14 Regional Bodies in Queensland and one of 56 nationally.

BMRG was formed under the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality and the Natural Heritage Trust programs.

Burnside City Council

Burwood City Council

Bus Bay
A Bus Bay is an indented space adjacent to a traffic lane designed to let buses embark and disembark passengers, without hindering the flow of traffic.

Bus Lane
A bus lane is a traffic lane restricted to buses on certain days and times, and generally used to speed up public transport that would be otherwise held up by traffic congestion.

Bus Route
A Bus Route is a road transport passenger service operated along a fixed route on a regular basis (as defined in the Public Transport Competition Act 1995) and includes school bus routes.

Bus Shelter
A Bus Shelter or Bus Stop Shelter is a shade structure erected adjacent to a bus stop, to shield potential passengers from rain and/or the sun.

Bus Shelters

Bus Stop
A bus stop is a designated place where a bus stops for the purpose of allowing passengers to board or leave a bus.

Bus Stop Shelter

Bus Zone
A bus zone is an area set aside for the exclusive use of public buses.

Business Case
A Business Case is a document that captures the reasoning for initiating a project or task.

Business Continuity Management
Business Continuity Management is a holistic management process that identifies potential impacts that threaten the organisation and provides a framework for building resilience with the capability for an effective response that safeguards the interests of key stakeholders, reputation, brand and value creating and service delivery activities.

Business Continuity Plan
Business Continuity Plan is a plan that addresses the specific circumstances and needs of a business. It provides practical strategies to follow in a crisis, eg fire, flooding, storm, explosion, adverse market or financial circumstances, computer viruses or power outages.

Business Excellence Consultants
The list below is generated automatically. To add a Business Excellence Consultant's page to the list, add the tag "be-consultant" to the page.

The ListPages module does not work recursively.

Business Excellence Framework
A Business Excellence Framework is a management system that helps an organisation improve its practices.

Business Improvement Checklist

Business Improvement Checklist Improvement Project
I want to develop a free and open business improvement system for Local Government that is better than other existing business improvement systems.
I want the system to be open and freely available to all Councils under a Creative Commons Sharealike Licence.
I want the system to help me deliver value for my employer.
I want to use the system to improve the system.

Business Improvement Ideas
One of the suggestions on the sites's ideas page is the development of a Business Improvement Framework / Business Excellence Framework designed specifically for Local Government. A big job, but not that difficult if taken a step at a time. Below is a list of business improvement ideas. Hopefully these ideas can eventually form the basis of a Business Improvement System designed specifically for local government.

Business Improvement Techniques
There are a number of business improvement techniques and programs that can be applied to Council operations, including;

Business Intelligence
Business intelligence is a set of theories, methodologies, processes, architectures, and technologies that transform raw data into meaningful and useful information for business purposes. Business intelligence can handle large amounts of information to help identify and develop new opportunities.

Business Intelligence System
A Business Intelligence System is an information system that employs business intelligence tools to produce and deliver information.

Business Needs Analysis
A Business Needs Analysis is a study that attempts to identify business needs and determine solutions to business problems.

Business Permit
A Business Permit is a permit that a potential busness operater must obtain before being able to operate a business.

Business Plan
A business plan is a formal statement of a set of business goals, the reasons why they are believed attainable, and the plan for reaching those goals.

Business Planning
Business Planning is the process of considering an organisation's future business opportunities & challenges, and putting into place mechanisms & strategies that attempt to ensure that the organisation's future business needs are met.

Business Process Modeling Notation (BMPN 2.0)
Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) is a graphical representation for specifying business processes in a business process model.

Business Support
Many Local Government Councils offer a rang of support services to local businesses.

Business Transformation
Business Transformation is the process of making fundamental changes in how business is conducted in order to help cope with the challenges it faces.

Buss Park
Buss Park is a Bundaberg Regional Council civic park. It is located at the intersection of Bourbong & Maryborough Streets in Bundaberg.

Butterfly Valve
A butterfly valve is used to regular flow through a pipe. The closing mechanism is a metal disk attached through its central axis to a vertical shaft. The rotation of the shaft moves the disk through the disk's vertical axis thereby opening or closing the pipe.



By-Product Aggregate
By-product aggregate is any aggregate created in the in process of producing another product. Examples include:

  • Blast furnace slag
  • Steel furnace slag
  • Fly Ash
  • Furnace bottom ash
  • Incinerator bottom ash
  • Coal washery reject
  • Crusher fines
  • Mine tailings

Cable Barrier

A Wire Rope Safety Barrier, also known as cable barrier, consists of a series of wire ropes connected between easily breakable posts. This type of road safety barrier, due to its shock absorbing qualities, causes less damage to vehicles and reduces injuires to passengers. Such barriers should comply with Australian and New Zealand Standards AS/NZ 3845 Road Safety Barrier Systems

Related Pages

External Links & References

  1. Ingal Civil Products - Supplier
  2. Australian Construction Products - Supplier
  3. Associated Services - Supplier

CAD Software


California Bearing Ratio
The California Bearing Ratio (CBR) is a penetration test for evaluation of the mechanical strength of road subgrades and basecourses. It was developed by the California Department of Transportation.

Campbelltown City Council
There are two Campbelltown City Councils in Australia.

Canada Bay City Council

A canal is an artificial waterway.


Canberra Central Design Manual
The Canberra Central Design Manual is a design manual published by the Department of Territory and Municipal Services in Canberra.

Canning City Council Photos
The photos below have been made available by Canning City Council. To upload additional photos, click on the grey "files" button at the bottom of the page.

Canterbury City Council
Canterbury City Council is located to the southwest of the Sydney CBD in New South Wales. The Council covers an area of 34 km² and has a population of 136,032.

Capacity Upgrade
Replacing an existing asset with an new asset that is better, bigger, or more powerful is considered to be an upgrade.

Cape Seal
A Cape Seal is a road surface treatment consisting of a slurry layer applied to a more or less conventional sprayed seal.

CAPEX -> Capital Expenditure

Capital Expenditure
Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) is expenditure that creates an asset or that increases an existing asset's remaining useful life (RUL).

Capital Expenditure Budget
We invite public submissions each year, before a capital works list is created, with additions from staff and long term programs, which is then provided to our Elected Members who decide on the Capital Works Program for the forthcoming year.

Capital Improved Value
The term capital improved value means the sum which land, if it were held for an estate in fee simple unencumbered by any lease, mortgage or other charge, might be expected to realize at the time of valuation if offered for sale on any reasonable terms and conditions which a genuine seller might in ordinary circumstances be expected to require.

Capital Replacement Value
Capital Replacement Value (CRV) is a synynom for Replacement Cost.

Capital Upgrade
A Capital Upgrade is any project (including a land purchase) that extends or upgrades and asset to cater for growth or additional service levels.

Capital Works
Capital works are any works that create new infrastructure assets or increase the replacement or written down value of existing infrastructure assets.

Capital Works Evaluation Framework
A Capital Works Evaluation Framework is a system used to assist in prioritising projects for consideration within an organisation's Capital Works Program.

Capital Works Management System
Reporting to the public about Capital Works projects has always been difficult in the Council environment. To this end, Moreland City Council has recently implemented a Capital Works Management Reporting Tool.
This system allows you to publish approved data onto the Council's website, giving the ratepayers an over view of Capital Works Projects, the ability to contact the Project Manager by phone or email to gain a greater insight into the project. The public can print off details sheets about each project and monitor the progress of projects online as well as search across the system.

Capital Works Prioritisation
Capital Works Prioritisation is the process of ranking potential Capital Works projects in order of importance. This is often done in accordance with an organisation's Capital Works Evaluation Framework.

Capital Works Prioritisation Matrix
A Capital Works Prioritisation Matrix is a table used to assign scores to proposed capital projects. The matrix may be used in isolation or be part of a more detailed Capital Works Evaluation Framework.

Capital Works Program
A Capital Works Program is a list of capital projects (new works, upgrades and renewals) programmed for construction in a given year or years.

Capital Works Programming
Capital Works Programming is the process of developing an annual or longer term Capital Works Program.

Capitalisation is the process of recognising a cost as part of the cost of an asset.

Car Park
A car park is a cleared area that is more or less level and is intended for parking vehicles. The term is used to describe both individual spaces, and an area set aside for a large number of vehicles.

Car Park Construction
A Car Park is typically constructed in much the same way a road is constructed:

Car Park Photo No.1
Car Park Photo No.2

Car Parking
Car Parking can refer to both the act of parking a car and to a physical car park.

Car Parking Buildings

Caravan Park
A caravan park is a facility where people with caravans can stay overnight, or longer, in allotted sites. Many caravan parks also contain on-site cabins, and these are sometimes refered to as holiday parks.

Caravan Park Management
Caravan Park Management is the management of a Caravan Park.

Carbon Dioxide Plant
A Carbon Dioxide Plant is a pressure vessel with refrigeration for remote storage of Carbon Dioxide.

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